A lucid, elegant, and complete survey of set theory, this volume is drawn from the authors' substantial teaching experience. The first of three parts focuses on axiomatic set theory. The second part explores the consistency of the continuum hypothesis, and the final section examines forcing and independence results.
Part One's focus on axiomatic set theory features nine chapters that examine problems related to size comparisons between infinite sets, basics of class theory, and natural numbers. Additional topics include author Raymond Smullyan's double induction principle, super induction, ordinal numbers, order isomorphism and transfinite recursion, and the axiom of foundation and cardinals. The six chapters of Part Two address Mostowski-Shepherdson mappings, reflection principles, constructible sets and constructibility, and the continuum hypothesis. The text concludes with a seven-chapter exploration of forcing and independence results. This treatment is noteworthy for its clear explanations of highly technical proofs and its discussions of countability, uncountability, and mathematical induction, which are simultaneously charming for experts and understandable to graduate students of mathematics.
Revised and corrected reprint of the Oxford University Press, New York, 1996 edition.
Raymond Smullyan (1919–2017), mathematician, logician, magician, creator of extraordinary puzzles, philosopher, pianist, and man of many parts. The first Dover book by Raymond Smullyan was First-Order Logic
(1995). Recent years have brought a number of his magical books of logic and math puzzles: The Lady or the Tiger
(2009); Satan, Cantor and Infinity
(2009); an original, never-before-published collection, King Arthur in Search of His Dog and Other Curious Puzzles
(2010); and Set Theory and the Continuum Problem
(with Melvin Fitting, also reprinted by Dover in 2010). More will be coming in subsequent years.
In the Author's Own Words:
"Recently, someone asked me if I believed in astrology. He seemed somewhat puzzled when I explained that the reason I don't is that I'm a Gemini."
"Some people are always critical of vague statements. I tend rather to be critical of precise statements: they are the only ones which can correctly be labeled 'wrong.'" — Raymond Smullyan